Send SMS from an Airflow DAG using AWS SNS

In this article, I am going to show you how to use Terraform to create and configure an SNS topic that delivers SMS messages to a mobile phone number. In the second part, I will use the SnsPublishOperator to send messages from Airflow.

Define an SNS topic and subscription

First, we have to define a new aws_sns_topic resource in Terraform:

resource "aws_sns_topic" "send-sms" {
    name = "send-sms"

After that, we have to add each recipient as a new SNS topic subscription:

resource "aws_sns_topic_subscription" "send-sms-recipient" {
    topic_arn = aws_sns_topic.send-sms.arn
    protocol = "sms"
    endpoint = "phone number with country code"

In the end, we have to define an access policy that allows publishing messages:

data "aws_iam_policy_document" "sns_topic_policy" {
  policy_id = "__default_policy_ID"

  statement {
    actions = [

    effect = "Allow"

    principals {
      type        = "AWS"
      identifiers = ["aws_identifier_of_the_AWS_user_used_by_Airflow"]

    resources = [

    sid = "__default_statement_ID"

Sending SMS message from Airflow

To send a text message, we have to call the SnsPublishOperator inside an Airflow DAG. Of course, we can use templates to pass values to the message:

from airflow.contrib.operators.sns_publish_operator import SnsPublishOperator

send_sms = SnsPublishOperator(
    message='Here is the message. You can use the template variables to get values from XCom or DAG parameters.',
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